Structural Shoring and Bracing is the process of temporarily supporting a building, vessel, structure, or trench with shores (props) when in danger of collapse or during repairs, new construction or alterations. Foundation Masters has the most experience in structural and bracing in the Caribbeans and Florida. We work in the office and onsite with our team of engineers and structural shoring experts to grantee safety, without negative impact to the structure or surrounding structures, and at the same time allow access for follow-on trades that may be installing permanent structural systems for support, for all construction trades.. From bracing foundation or free-standing walls to shoring elevated slab structures in anticipation of new permanent steel or concrete erection; from excavation bracing and lagging for underpinning or waterproofing to heavy steel bridging shoring to allow column removal, we can meet the needs of any structural shoring and bracing project. Shoring is used when deep excavation is necessary for installing the foundation of a building. A shoring system such as piles and lagging or shotcrete will support the surrounding loads until the underground levels of the building are constructed.
During excavation, shoring systems provide safety for workers in a trench and speeds up excavation. In this case, shoring should not be confused with shielding. Shoring is designed to prevent collapse where shielding is only designed to protect workers when collapses occur. Concrete structures shoring, in this case also referred to as falsework, provides temporary support until the concrete becom
es hard and achieves the desired strength to support loads.
Hydraulic shoring is the use of hydraulic pistons that can be pumped outward until they press up against the trench walls. They are typically combined with steel plate or plywood, either being 1-1/8″ thick plywood.
Beam and Plate
Beam and Plate steel I-beams are driven into the ground and steel plates are slid in amongst them. A similar method that uses wood planks is called soldier boarding. Hydraulics tend to be faster and easier; the other methods tend to be used for longer term applications or larger excavations.
Soil nailing is a technique in which soil slopes, excavations or retaining walls are reinforced by the insertion of relatively slender elements – normally steel reinforcing bars. The bars are usually installed into a pre-drilled hole and then grouted into place or drilled and grouted simultaneously. They are usually installed untensioned at a slight downward inclination. A rigid or flexible facing (often sprayed concrete) or isolated soil nail heads may be used at the surface.
Shoring is used on board when damage has been caused to a vessel’s integrity, and to hold leak-stopping devices in place to reduce or stop incoming water. Generally consists of timber 100 mm x 100 mm and used in conjunction with wedges, to further jam shoring in place, pad pieces to spread the load and dogs to secure it together. also used on board is mechanical shoring as a quick, temporary solution, however it isn’t favoured due to its inability to move with the vessel.
This consists of a timber member jammed on a pad piece on either the deck or deck head depending on water levels in the compartment and a strong point, this is called the proud. then the is a horizontal timber cut to size to fit between this and what it is shoring up, e.g. a splinter box, bulkhead or door. Timber wedges are then used to tighten up the structure if necessary
Vertical Shoring This is to support a hatch or splint box on the deck, consisting of a vertical timber between the deck and deck head, with to wedges used opposing each other to tighten it. pad pieces are used to spread the load on weak structures.